Laughing Moon Watercolours: Watercolour Artist in Tasmania and Western Australia

 

 

Welcome to Janine's ONLINE Gallery

 

ABOUT THE ARTIST

Janine is a watercolour artist in Tasmania and Western AustraliaJanine was born in Tasmania her father was a Danish immigrant who worked one the Hydro schemes and her mother of Irish convict decent. Moving to Perth with her husband and children for work some twenty -five years now recently lives mainly in the Perth hills but returns to Tasmania regularly to recharge her love for the wilderness.

The need for her own Gallery prompted the recent purchase of the old Masonic Hall in York, which they will convert to an Art Space and Glass Company, offering Gallery, workshops, classes and a new concept in interactive Art where other Artists can also hire studio space.

In later years contentedly deciding to devote more time to paintings and glass work, after the children left home Janine spends several years trucking around Australia with her husband. This provides a great opportunity to experience and capture the beauty of our country in photographs to take home for her art work.

An exciting new chapter has now opened in her art journey this is kiln fired glass, being fortunate to have the opportunity to study under some of the worlds leading glass artist as, Miriam Di Fiore (Italy). Dr Jerry King. Carrie Iverson – USA. Rudi Gritsch (Austria). Richard Parrish (USA) and Catharine Newell (USA). Kari Minnick (USA).

From this Janine has developed her own very unique construction techniques with the use of glass powders and frits to create the design.  These pieces are both functional and beautiful pieces of art, depicting the Australian bush and its varied animals. Again this collection is a variation of some traditional and other more contemporary pieces.

Recently deciding to take a different direction again and branch out to Oils on canvas because it enables a whole new platform for her to explore in her unique way on a larger scale. At the same time participating in different workshops with renowned Australia Artist such as Craig Penny and John Lovell and Robert Knight.

 

Click here to view my CV


New Studio!

Studio

Constructed in 1887 for the Oddfellows society and later sold to
the Freemasons becoming Hall No 5

Early Freemasonry in Australia

The actual origins of Freemasonry have been lost in time, but it is known that it arose from the guilds of stonemasons which constructed Europe’s castles and cathedrals during the Middle Ages.

These craftsmen were in possession of highly prized skills in mathematics and architecture, which they in turn passed on to apprentices who had been accepted as being worthy of being taught the secrets of their trade.

These trainees advanced, depending on their proficiency, to become Master Masons.

In England in 1717 four Lodges decided to create a formal organisation by forming the first Grand Lodge. Freemasonry then spread across Europe and to other countries with amazing speed.

In Australia, Freemasonry can be traced to the First Fleet’s arrival in 1788. Freemasonry has been associated with the British discovery and settlement of New South Wales from the very beginning. Joseph Banks, the naturalist who sailed into Botany Bay with James Cook in 1770; Thomas Lucas, a Private in the Marine Corps who arrived with the First Fleet; Thomas Prior, a First Fleet convict, and Matthew Flinders, who arrived in 1795, have been identified with Freemasonry.

In 1797, the Grand Lodge of Ireland, meeting in Dublin, received a petition from Privates George Kerr, Peter Farrell and George Black requesting a warrant to form a Masonic Lodge in the New South Wales Corps serving at Port Jackson. The matter was deferred and no warrant was issued.

In 1802, Captain Anthony Fenn Kemp of the New South Wales Corps received a certificate of admission at a meeting held on board one of the French ships of the exploration fleet at anchor in Port Jackson.

Sir Henry Browne Hayes, an Irish convict, attempted to form a Lodge in 1803 in defiance of an order from Governor King. He did not try again even though he later formed a friendship with Lachlan Macquarie, the first of many Governors to be members of the Masonic fraternity.

It was common practice at this time for Masonic Lodges to be formed on board naval vessels and within regiments of the British Army and for Freemasonry to be practiced wherever the ship or regiment was stationed.

The 46th Regiment of Foot, which arrived in 1814, had attached to it the Lodge of Social and Military Virtues No. 227, Irish Constitution. The 48th Regiment with Lodge No. 218, Irish Constitution, replaced this regiment in 1817. It was this Lodge that granted dispensation to form the first Lodge in Sydney in 1820 at a time when the total population of the colony was only 30,000. This Lodge, with just twelve foundation members, was called the Australian Social Lodge and was issued with warrant No. 260 by the Grand Lodge of Ireland. The Lodge still meets in Sydney as Lodge Antiquity No. 1 on the register of the United Grand Lodge of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory.

Four years later, The Leinster Marine Lodge of Australia No. 266, Irish Constitution, was formed in Sydney and, in due course, other Lodges were warranted, not only by the Grand Lodge of Ireland but also by the United Grand Lodge of England, in Sydney, in 1828 and the Grand Lodge of Scotland, in Melbourne, in 1844.

From the early years of the nineteenth century, the free settlers had sought some measure of political self-determination, which resulted in the establishment of a Legislative Council in New South Wales in 1824, due largely to the work of Bro. William Charles Wentworth.

This, in turn, led the Freemasons to seek local control of their Masonic affairs, which resulted in a number of attempts to form local Grand Lodges independent from the parent bodies in Britain.

The Grand Lodges of England, Ireland and Scotland in particular, strenuously opposed such a move and it was not until 1877 that mainly the Irish Lodges in the colony formed the Grand Lodge of New South Wales. The first Grand Master was the Hon. James Squire Farnell, at the time the Premier of New South Wales, who had previously been Provincial Grand Master for New South Wales of the Irish Constitution.

There was a similar line of Masonic development in Victoria, which resulted in the establishment of the Grand Lodge of Victoria in 1883 with the Hon. George Selth Coppin, a Member of the Legislative Assembly, as the first Grand Master.

Eventually, the other colonies each formed a Grand Lodge with South Australia leading in 1884, Tasmania in 1890, Western Australia in 1900 and Queensland in 1904.
United Grand Lodges were established in New South Wales in 1888, Victoria in 1889 and Queensland in 1921.

Some of those involved, just as Bros Farnell and Coppin had been, were members of the Legislature with the Right Hon. Sir Samuel James Way, Kt., D.C.L., LL.D., Chief Justice and a former Member of the House of Assembly as the first Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of South Australia and the Hon. Sir William John Clarke, Kt., LL.D., a Member of the Legislative Council as the first Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of Victoria.

The first Deputy Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Tasmania was Bro. Dr. Edward Owen Giblin who was a Member of the Tasmanian House of Assembly.
The Pro. Grand Master at the establishment of the Grand Lodge of Western Australia was the Hon. Sir John Winthrop Hackett, K.C.M.G., M.A., LL.D., who was a Member of Western Australia's Legislative Council.

The secret we should all be let in on
The Age 3 September 2002

In effect, the Masonic Lodge arrived in Australia around the time of the First Fleet. Freemasonry was a secret secular society that evolved in the Middle Ages and was opposed by most organised religions, especially the Catholic Church. Its influence was spread by colonisation, particularly in what became known as the British Empire.
In this increasingly transparent age, there are few secrets. Much is known about business, churches, the trade union movement, politics, the professions and more besides. However, we know all but nothing about the Masons. Moreover, it is only in recent years that Freemasonry has released information about itself. In Australia, this has been most evident in New South Wales due to media statements by the organisation and publications by the Masonic Historical Society of NSW (see uglnsw.freemasonry.org.au).

Without question, Freemasonry is not the organisation it once was in the 1950s, when membership peaked at close to 400,000. Yet, without doubt, the Lodge was once very influential indeed.

According to Grahame Cumming's Freemasonry: Australia's Prime Ministers (Masonic Historical Society, 1994), most of Australia's politically conservative prime ministers up to the early 1970s were members of the Masonic Lodge. Namely Edmund Barton, George Reid, Joseph Cook, Stanley Melbourne Bruce, Earle Page, Robert Menzies, Arthur Fadden, John McEwen, John Gorton and William McMahon.

Now, for the most part, this lot was both able and busy. So the question to be asked is: what were they doing in the Masonic Lodge? Especially in view of the fact that Freemasonry membership involved participation in a number of unusual rituals: the rolled-up trouser leg on initiation, the secret handshake whereby (apparently) the thumb of one Lodge member makes contact with the second knuckle of another, the wearing of ceremonial aprons at meetings and so on.

Presumably Messrs Barton, Reid, Bruce, Menzies and Gorton did not endure - at one time or another - such rituals for the fun of it. It can only be assumed that they were active Freemasons, for a time at least, because they believed in the cause of the Lodge. Which was precisely what? Well, alas, we do not really know. Sure, Freemasonry supports various charitable causes. But so do such secular service groups as Rotary and Lions. So there must have been more to Lodge membership than good works. But what?

In Australia, no former Freemason has written a "tell-all" of the once-a-communist or once-a-Catholic kind. What's more, there has been very little written about the Lodge by outsiders. The most notable exception is the Sydney-based mathematician/philosopher James Franklin. See, for example, his article "Catholics Versus Masons" in the Journal of the Australian Catholic Historical Society, 1999.

The late Allan Martin wrote a fine two-volume biography, Robert Menzies: A Life (MUP). It contains no reference to Menzies as a Mason. Sir Robert did not refer to the issues in his autobiographical Afternoon Light (Cassell, 1967). Likewise, Ian Hancock's recently released John Gorton: He Did It His Way (Hodder, 2002) does not mention that Sir John attended a Lodge meeting when prime minister.

Certainly, more is known about Freemasonry now than ever before. In 1999 Prince Michael of Kent presided over a ceremony in Melbourne to mark the centenary of the Victorian Grand Lodge. Last month former NSW police commissioner Tony Lauer got dressed up in his full Masonic kit for a photo shoot to mark the occasion of his appointment as Grand Master of the NSW and ACT Freemasons.

It is also known, officially, that prominent Australian Masons included aviator Charles Kingsford Smith, film producer Ken Hall, author Frank Clune, cyclist/politician Hubert Opperman and Test cricketers aplenty - Don Bradman, Wally Grout, Bill Oldfield and Bill Ponsford among others. It is also understood that Freemasonry was particularly strong in sections of the business and trade union communities, as well as in the police and fire services, defence forces and the legal profession.

There are numerous conspiracy theories about Freemasonry, often promulgated by the lunar right. All should be discussed. The Masons do not control the world and they are not responsible for communism, Nazism or whatever. If the Lodge had, or has, influence in democratic societies it is as a place for making contacts. You know, where a chap helps out another chap whom he has met at the Lodge, after a friendly (Masonic) handshake. It is only in the past few years that women have joined the Lodge.

In Britain in recent years some interest has been expressed about the role of the Freemasonry in the police force and judicial system. No skeletons have been unearthed. But the matter was considered serious enough to warrant examination by the House of Commons home affairs committee. This year the Brisbane Courier-Mail attempted a similar inquiry; it met a veritable wall of silence.

There seems little justification for this state of affairs. Australians are entitled to know more about Freemasonry, its past and present. There are more secrets down under than John Herron seems aware of. Perhaps the Irish will tell him.


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